By M. Ramirez. Southern University, New Orleans. 2017.

This invites partners into some agreement as to the joint project that will be constructed in the space be- tween them generic indinavir 400 mg mastercard. Lisa and Ian decided to work on restoring Calmness to their relationship: "You both talked about missing the presence of Calmness in your rela- tionship. If you were to invite more Calmness into your interactions, what might that look like? How might your participation in running nurture Calmness in your relationship today? STRUCTURED REFLECTION In a world that has been overtaken by speed and capitalism, partners often don’t take the time to genuinely listen to each other. Creating time for structured listening helps to slow down the process and encourage part- ners to think carefully about what they want to express. THE PAUSE Couples often appreciate identifying the pause as a powerful tool that en- courages reflection and serves as a precursor to creating new possibilities for action, as evidenced by the following: "I’m wondering if you’d each be willing to take a moment and reflect on what you’ve heard before responding to your partner’s statement? Here the couple is invited to identify constraints that may inhibit their listening skills: "What might get in the way of your listening with an open ear and body? Narrative practices support the holding of two different perspectives simultaneously. REFLECTION VERSUS REACTION Positioning one partner as listener as the other partner speaks highlights subtle differences that might become obscured in debate-style conversa- tions. This structure also guards against one voice becoming too dominant in the session. The following questions illustrate how the therapist invites reflection: "Has the pattern of Interruption helped or hindered your hopes of un- derstanding each other differently? By being mindful of the assumptions that underlie our work as narrative therapists, we reinforce our clients’ 170 THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES ON WORKING WITH COUPLES sense of choice, empowerment, and personal agency. Since problems are viewed as external to couples, we look for nouns that name prob- lems, rather than adjectives that describe partners (as problematic). So, rather than viewing Marci and/or Max as "codependent," we’d be more inclined to see them "struggling with the effects of Codependency. Examples of social constructs and possibly problematic dis- courses are the following: Religion (I should not be gay), Media (I should have a partner), Patriarchy (I should have sex when my partner wants to).

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However buy generic indinavir 400 mg on-line, overreliance on advanced imaging technology might be counterproductive if MRI is not sufficiently accurate. In particular, age-related degeneration of the menisci might lead to false-positive MRI findings and unnecessary surgery (43). Demographic aspects also play a part: there may be much more reason for a professional athlete to undergo soft tissue imaging in the acute phase compared with a middle-aged sedentary person (Fig. Few surgeons relish inter- vening in the acute phase when there is a lot of hemorrhage still masking the operative field. Although MRI may show many unexpected lesions in the acute phase, the immediate clinical management of the patient rarely changes (44). We identified four reviews summarizing the accuracy of MRI compared to arthroscopy for soft tissue knee injuries (11,15,16,45). All reviewed a wealth of evidence, albeit from methodologically weak studies in many instances. Of these studies, only four (14%) had adequate blind- ing of the index test (MRI) when conducting arthroscopy, the reference standard. Three-dimensional (3D) gradient echo MRI of a soccer player follow- ing recent trauma. The intact anterior cruciate ligament has pulled off a small rind of cortex from the proximal tibia (arrow). Prompt surgery allowed this avulsion fracture, well shown on this preoperative roadmap, to be pinned back promptly. The pooled weighted sensitivity and specificity estimates from this review are reported in Table 15. The results suggest that the sensitivity of MRI is consistently lower in lateral meniscal tears than medial meniscal and cruciate injuries; conversely, specificity is higher. One explanation for this finding is that radiologists may have a lower threshold for reporting medial meniscal tears as opposed to lateral tears.

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The busyness of child raising easily distracts partners from their primary relationship 400mg indinavir with mastercard, with couples falling into a routine that focuses on roles not relationships. Constant activity masks serious relationship issues that are never recognized or attended to, simply because no one has the time to notice. Mary Ellen and Matt were typical of the young families in their upscale neighborhood. Mary Ellen gave up her position as an office manager with a medical supply company when the first of their three children was born. Two others followed in rapid order, and as they grew, she involved herself with their scout troops, school projects, and athletic teams. Her role as soccer mom ended abruptly when an automobile accident sidelined her activities. Recu- perating at home for six weeks, she relied on neighbors to shuttle her children to and from school and practice. Matt’s attentiveness during her recuperation reminded her of their former relationship, before her absorp- tion with the children and his long hours at the office distanced them from each other. Mary Ellen and Matt began spending evenings catching up and actively making plans to reprioritize their marriage. It took an automobile accident for Mary Ellen and Matt to recognize what they had almost lost in their relationship. When children grow and begin to leave home, some partners hardly recognize each other. Spouses who have not prioritized their marriage while raising their families are often faced with the daunting task of rebuilding their relationship in midlife.

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The arch of the heel purchase indinavir 400 mg otc, the quad tendon, and the patellar ligament also have the capacity to store considerable elastic energy. As a result, when muscles act as brakes during the initial phase of stance, about half the energy used in muscle contraction is returned by the tendons during the final phase of the stance, making running an efficient activity. Maron- ski (1996) introduced an optimal control approach to address this ques- tion: How should a runner vary their speed with distance to minimize the time during which they cover a given distance? The author developed an optimal velocity profile by formulating and solving a problem in op- timal control theory. The vertical displacements of the body associated with the cyclic nature of the stride pattern are neglected. The equation of motion in the direction of running is assumed to be in this form: m (dv/dt) 5 mfo h 2 m v/t (8. The propulsive force is the product of the mass m, the max- imum propulsive force per unit mass fo, and the propulsive force setting h. The overall resistive force may include air resistance (assis- tance) on the runner as well as the steady slope of the track. Admittedly, the mechanical model of running adopted by this article is rather elementary. The model could not be used, for example, in investigating overuse injuries during running. However, the analysis presented here may provide insights into the deci- sion making process on minimizing running time during a competition. The energy transformations in the competitor’s body are represented by a differential equation on the power balance: de/dt 5 b 2 (v fo h)/m (8.

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